South America, the fourth largest continent on Earth, occupies roughly one-eighth of the total land surface on the planet. It has an estimate of more than 423 million inhabitants, and most of the population lives near the western or eastern areas of the continent. About 85% of the population now turns to Catholicism as their religion.
With thousands of languages and dialects, the linguistic diversity in South America is greater than anywhere else in the world. This diversity was partially due to the continent's vast cultures and ethnicities, which transcended the interaction between indigenous people, immigrants, and European conquerors. This portion of landmass, alongside North America, has been dubbed as the New World or the Americas.